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Kindergarten (age 3-5)
• Ego: a young child is the center and feels skilled, wants to do things on his own autonomy and is curious, free of emotional
blockades and is free to be a young child and dares to explore the environment.
• Emotions: 'me and the other'. The importance of increasing understanding of emotions for their social development.
• Entrepreneurial drive: young children learn the most by doing. That’s why Rock and Water is a psycho–physical program.
Children learn by experience and to feel where we are talking about.
• Feeling skillfull: the young child get his self-confidence out of the feeling to be skillfull. For the young child, body work a direct
connection to one's self (see infographic above).
Development and aims for children during the primary school with a connection towards the rock and water program.
Year 6-9 (age 10-13)
• Independency and profiling in the group
• Social identity
• Physical appearance
• Close and real friendships
• Discussion of the rules
• Growing: making own choices
• Social identity: in no other developmental stage it is so important to belong to a group. Group pressure and bullying is luring.
Because of the great importance to belong to the group, children can easily put their own moral principles
aside at this stage, such is the desire to avoid falling outside of the group.
• Boundaries - me and the other: Rock and Water helps children to build up a positive self-image. The feeling of competence
in games and communication makes it easier to make choices.
• Self-knowledge - what am I and who am I: older children are borrowing their identity to their performances on learning and
social grounds. By developing mega cognition the will develop a more realistic self-image and attain self-reflection.
There arises a unique self-image.
(Model and text below: ©Gaduka Institute | Rock and Water Program)
Year 1-3 (age 5-8)
• Feeling of competence by social skill
• Flexible friendship
• Self-image based on social comparison
• Development of inner speech
• Emotion regulation: a feeing of competence, flexible friendships developed by social skills. So to learn to control yourself is crucial
• Taking perspectiv: to be able to enter into flexible friendships is to be able to empathize with the other.
• The development of a coherent self-image is based on trust so you need to do a lot of practicing.
Year 4-5 (age 8-10)
• Coherent self-image
• Coherent self-image with a place for others and appreciation is going to be important. A growing understanding of the intentions
of others. Reflection is growing and problem solving skills as well.
• Mental act: young children need to act to control their emotions. In between 6-9 they learn that they also can reflect: internal
speech is developing.
• Empathize with others: different situations are triggering different behavior. Can you reflect what the effect of your behavior has
on others and what the intention of the other person is?
• Getting to know your own strength.